One of the first things you need to do when learning new material is to ask tonnes of questions. How does this work? Why does that follow? What is the main argument here? Is there a good metaphor that would explain this?
The question is the first step and it opens you up to discovering deeper insights about the material.
The question, however, isn’t enough. The learning comes when you grapple with the solution to the question. If you ask questions during conversations or while in lecture, don’t just stop at the question. Listen to the response and then try to form your own answers too.
The question is a good start, but the journey towards the answer is the real place to focus.