Panorama refers to pictures which have lengthened field of views and can be created instantly using latest Photoshop CS6 with help of advanced plugins. The panoramic pictures can be useful in creating scenic views of nature by giving a wide and complete view of the scene as observed through naked eyes. There are several steps involved to create a panorama picture using Photoshop CS6.
First you should take the pictures appropriate to create the panorama. If you have a digital SLR camera along with tripod, start by taking pictures from the left side of the scenic view and take 2 or 3 pictures moving the camera lens to the right side. You should shoot the pictures in vertical format in order to get a smooth panorama effect. Also check your ISO settings and exposure while taking the snaps.
If exposure is turned off, then stitch line will be clearly visible in the panorama. Once you have taken the pictures you can import them to Photoshop and then include ½ of previous picture in your next one. Before you leave ensure that you have taken pictures of the entire scenic view.
Once you have taken the pictures, if they are of good quality and shot in JPEG format itself, then you can directly import them to Photoshop. But if you have shot in RAW mode and wish to process your images better, you can convert them to PSD or TIFF file formats before importing them to Photo merge. Photoshop is very powerful that it can compare the images and find out which is best to stitch together for creating the panorama effect. You can shoot using fish eye lens or wide angle in which huge distortion happens in images. If you want to merge multiple photos, your computer should have a huge memory and RAM as Photoshop will require high memory if the images are of huge size and multiple images are required to merged.
The next step is merging your images using Photoshop with help of Photomerge tool. You can choose this option from File menu and selecting Automate -> Photomerge. Then browse the pictures that you have converted and saved in temporary folder and import them to Photoshop. Under the Photomerge tool, you will find various options for “Layout” present on left side bar and it’s good to choose Auto which is default option and works out well for all photos.
The layout defines how the photos will be aligned together for creating the panorama. Apart from the default Auto option, you have various other layouts like Spherical, cylindrical, Perspective etc. that you can give a try if Auto option is not working well for you. You should choose Reposition only so that photos are not modified while creating the panorama image.
Also you will find another 3 options below the Photomerge tool which includes “Blend Images Together”, “Geometric Distortion Correction” and “Vignette Removal”. Blend images option is chosen by default since it indicates Photoshop not to just combine the images but also blend the colors and tone of the individual images to match with others so that the panorama is realistic.
Also Vignette Removal option helps in removing the shading in edges and corners which will happen when you shoot the pictures using wide angle lenses. Geometric Distortion Correction is helpful when you have shot the images using fish eye lenses or very wide angle lenses. Once you have selected all the required options, run the Photomerge command by clicking the Ok button. Now, your panaroma image is ready and you can save it in any file format like JPEG, TIFF or PSD.