Have you ever wondered how the apps you play in your smartphones work and how are they created? Ever thought how people create such amazing websites. I am sure that you must have given a thought about it at least once. Well the credit of all such applications goes to programming languages. But one gets confused on how to get started with these applications.
Well if you are also are confused then this is the right place to make things clear about which programming language is used to make which type of products. Get ready to know about the best programming languages to learn. Here’s the list of programming languages which are widely used.
9 Best Programming Languages To Learn.
C is a programming language which was developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie. We can say C language is simple and easy to use and of course reliable too. This language can communicate directly with hardware and this makes it a powerful choice for system programmers. Cs scope is not just limited to developing system programs. It can also be used to develop various kind of applications be it some complex business or simple format ones. The following is a list where C language is used:
- Database Systems
- Network Drivers
- Embedded Systems
- Artificial Intelligence
- Industrial Automation
- Graphics Package
C++ was developed in 1983.Its an enhancement to C programming language.C++ is an object-oriented language used to develop software, video games etc.
Apps for Windows and Linux can be developed by using C++. Also many mobile apps as well as video games can be developed by it thus making this language as one of the most important and widely used language. All the applications of C can be made by using C++. Thus, it can be said that C++ is a superset of C.
3. Objective C
Objective-C was created primarily by Brad Cox and Tom Love in the early 1980s. Objective C is an object-oriented programming language based on C, used by Apple developers. Objective C can develop mobile apps for iOS and for OSX .It cannot be used on other platforms such as Android. And this programming language is the key element of apple products. And we all are aware with the uniqueness of apple products.
Java was developed by James Gosling.
Java is a server-side interpreted compiled language which uses a virtual machine.The use of virtual machine makes this language platform independent.
Developed in 1995, this programming language lets you develop android apps. Creating Graphical User Interface(GUI) in Java is very simple and efficient as compared to C and C++. So it is also used in creating GUI for applications. Even web applications are being developed using Java.
The developer of programming language Python is Guido van Rossum.
Python is a server-side interpreted, open-source, non-compiled, scripting language. It can be used on its own or as a part of another framework, like django.
Python is applicable in following ways.
- Build websites.
- Provide database access.
- Build desktop GUIs.
- Develop games.
- NASAs shuttle support contractor,United Space Alliance uses Python.
Language PHP is created by Rasmus Lerdorf, Zeev Suraski and Andi Gutmans.
PHP is also a server-side interpreted,open-source,non-compiled, scripting language.It can be written within plain HTML. Because the code is executed by the server, the result is displayed to the user as plain html.
It was developed in 1994. PHP is used on popular websites such as Facebook and Wikipedia.
Its applicable for following ways:
- Generate dynamic page content.
- Collect form data.
- Send and receive cookies.
- Add, delete, modify data in your database.
- Encrypt data.
PHP runs on WIndows,Linux,Unix,Mac OS,etc. Supports a wide range of databases and is compatible with almost all servers today. Its quite easy to learn.
(NOTE: Do not confuse this with Java. Both are different languages.)
- Check username availability as user enters it, preventing the need to reload the page.
- Build an autocomplete function on your website.
- Enhance HTML text boxes so users have a combination of presets and the ability to enter their own text.
- Fix layout issues.
SQL (Structured query Language) is not a programming language or markup language but it is a standard way to interact with databases, moving information in and out of them. MySQL is the most common way to interact with the databases and is a good start for a web developer. SQL was first developed in 1979.
SQL can :
- Execute queries against a database.
- Retrieve a data from database.
- Create, insert, update, delete records in a database.
- Set permissions on tables, procedures and views.
9. Active Server Pages(ASP).net
This is a server-side interpreted, non-compiled, scripting language. It is similar to PHP, but will only learn on Windows server since it is a Microsoft product, in the .NET suite of programming languages.
- Build websites.
- Build web forms.
- Build web applications.
By this time, you must have realized what your end goal is and which language is to be learnt. In order to make things more clear I have given my suggestions and listed the languages according to their uses.
Most easiest to learn: Python.
Most powerful: C++
Useful in long-term: Java
In a nutshell about the programming languages to learn.
Purpose: To make web pages interactive
Purpose: To store user information
Language/s: PHP, Python.
Purpose: To build mobile apps
Language/s: Objective-C (For iPhone apps)
Java, C++ (For Android apps)
I have also listed the online resources which will help you to learn the programming languages.
I hope that this exhaustive yet useful and precise information will help you to get started with programming. In case you have a doubt or pointed out any mistake in this post, feel free to comment. Ill revert back as soon as possible.